BMI and Body Contouring Complications
Cosmetic surgery continues to be popular, and increasing numbers of people are wanting to have body contouring surgeries, such as tummy tucks, buttock lifts, thigh lifts, and upper arm lifts. the American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery (ASAPS) collects annual numbers for each procedure done nationwide, and found that in 2007, 368,313 body contouring procedures were performed.
In the July/August issue of the Aesthetic Surgery Journal, published by the ASAPS, there is a report about a study of obesity and surgical outcomes. Researchers followed 129 patients who had a body contouring procedure between 1993 and 2002.
The patients were grouped according to their Body Mass Index (BMI):
- Ideal weight — BMI less than 25
- Overweight — BMI 25 to 30
- Obese — BMI 31 to 35
- Morbidly obese — BMI 36 to 40
- Severely morbidly obese — BMI 41 and up
Surgical complications were recorded as being either:
- Minor — such as post-op wound infection and pockets of fluid or blood at the wound site (seromas and hematomas respectively)
- Major — such as problems requiring hospital re-admission, prolonged hospital stays, problems requiring follow-up procedures, and death
Results Not Surprising
Researchers found a statistically significant connection between increased BMI and increased complications (that is, poorer outcomes).
- Minor complications increased from 3.3 percent in the ideal weight group to 46.9 percent in the severely morbidly obese group
- Major complications increased from 6.6 percent to 43.7 percent in those groups
No surgical procedure is a good option for everybody. There is always a screening process done by each cosmetic surgeon to filter out poor candidates. It would seem from these results that a person’s BMI is a clear parameter to use in that screening.
Obese people tend to have many secondary conditions — that is, health problems arising from their obesity. Common examples are high blood pressure, diabetes, heart disease, poor healing ability, and sleep apnea (which itself gives rise to secondary conditions because of the reduced oxygen taken into the body).
Two conclusions would seem obvious:
- Surgeons need to be strict in their candidate screening, despite the pressure of so many people wanting cosmetic surgery
- More such research would be a good idea, to establish stronger medical evidence. This would help surgeons with patient screening and yield better outcomes overall
Dr. Rai has over 20 years of cosmetic surgery experience and places a high priority on thorough patient screening. You can read more here about his credentials, professional memberships, and work with the media and his community. You will be in safe and highly competent hands with Dr. Rai.